ENCANTO FARMS
"we be bananas" in San Diego



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TALL RED
Red

DESCRIPTION:
[A] beautiful, strong, vigorous plant that produces a medium size bunch of bananas that are a brilliant red and gold upon ripening. Fruit is very aromatic with creamy orange pulp. It takes 20 to 30 months to bear fruit the first time, then every year thereafter. Sometimes the red will mutate from red to all green. Then it is called the Tall Green Red. (032) SEE RED GROUP

TYPE: DESSERT
GENETICS:
HEIGHT: 16-18' (032)
HIGHLIGHTS:

(910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910)



TANDUK

DESCRIPTION:
Each bunch weighs [15-22 lbs.] and has 2-3 clusters [hands] with 57 fingers each. The pulp is creamy white and the peel thick and yellow when ripe. (138) Use as fried banana (pisang goreng). On each bunch has 2 hands and weighed 7 - 10 kg. Every hand has 5 fingers. It has a very large size fingers ranges from [10-19"] in length and [2-1/2"] in thickness. Fruit skin is very thick, smooth and yellow in colour when ripen. It has creamy orange and sweet flesh. (139) A lot of banana species grow in Malaysia . There are bananas to cook [with] (eg. Nangka, Tanduk, Awak) and those eaten raw like Mas, Rastali, Berangan, and Embun. (138) {EDIT} The dessert types are emas, berangan, rastali, udang and a new clone named cavendish (novaria) whereas the hardy fruits used in cooking and food processing are abu nipah, abu kapur, buloh, tanduk, awak, masam and nangka. (142)

TYPE: DESSERT, COOKING
GENETICS: AAB (139)
HEIGHT:
HIGHLIGHTS:





TAPO

DESCRIPTION:
[V]ariegated red/green chimera. (028)

TYPE: Dessert
GENETICS: AA (006) (028)
HEIGHT:
HIGHLIGHTS:





TEXAS STAR

DESCRIPTION:
This excellent banana tree [has] tasty, medium size fruit, and produces a sweet flavor. The original trees were obtained from Wichita Falls, TX in 1978 by TyTy [Nursery] and have proven to survive cold better than any other banana trees on our test plots. Trees have survived 0 deg F. at TyTy in January of 1984 and some of the original trees left growing at Wichita Falls, TX survived and grew back to produce fruit in the Winter of 1989-1990 when temperatures there fell to -16 deg F. In the fall these trees develop brilliant yellow streaks and splotches that add lively color to your landscape. (003)

TYPE:
GENETICS:
HEIGHT: 6-8' (003)
HIGHLIGHTS:





TEXTILES
Abaca, Giant Pisang (001)

DESCRIPTION:
[A] seeded variety that is used primarily for its fiber in the Philippines for making rope. It is disease resistant. It also has a beautiful, golden inflorescense. (001) (010)

TYPE: SEEDED, FIBER
GENETICS:
HEIGHT: 16' (001) (010)
HIGHLIGHTS:





THOUSAND FINGERS
Pisang Seribu (006), Kluai Roi Wi (038)

DESCRIPTION:
This novelty is as unique as it is beautiful. [I]t produces a stalk of tiny bananas that can continue to make fruit until it reaches the ground (sometimes 5 ft. or more). Mostly used for ornamental or landscape use, however the fruit is edible. (011) (010) This fantastic banana produc[es] many hundreds of sweet 1.5" fruits on long 8' racemes. A great conversation banana. (005) Unusual plant that produces hundreds of tiny sweet fruit. The long raceme almost reaches the ground (063) It produces a long bunch with 1 in. fruits. There may be up to 1000 fruits in a bunch. The flower bud keeps setting fruits as long as the plant can nourish it. (126) [A] large grower that likes a hot summer, it bears a large bunches of very small fruit, each of which only grows about 2 1/2" to 3" long. It seems to continue to flower and form fruit for as long as the parent plant can nourish it. The fruits don't become bitter when very ripe and seem enormously resistant to bruising. Those with blackened skins can usually be peeled to reveal fruit that is essentially undamaged beneath except they sometimes get slightly corky directly under the worst areas. The texture is smooth, dense, and very creamy, creamy yellowish in color but sometimes with an orange tint. Flavor is very sweet, fragrant, and slightly acidic. It is supposed to be relative cold resistant but should be used in warmer summer areas. (079) [A] beautiful solid green plant that produces sweet tiny bananas too numerous to count. The stem of fruit can be as long a 8 feet. The fruit are seedless and sweet with a pleasant flavor. (032) Banana bunch can be up to 10 Ft. Large number of small sweet fruits. (038) Stalk often weakens and arches over just before flower apppears. Should be supported. (910)

TYPE: DESSERT
GENETICS: AAB (006) (025)
HEIGHT: 8-10' (032), 12' (910), 10-12' (001) (010) (038), 12' (126) 12-14' (005)
HIGHLIGHTS: Unusual flowering habit.

(002) (105) (032) (910) (910) (910) (005) (038) (051) (022) (010) (010) (101) (101) (101) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (000)



TIGER

DESCRIPTION:

TYPE: PLANTAIN
GENETICS: AAB (025)
HEIGHT:





TINDOK

DESCRIPTION:
Other varieties grown in the [Philippines] include the Morado, Pitogo, Los Banos, Senorita, Tindok, Gloria, Granda, and Tumok. (066) {EDIT}Tindok (Phi); Pisang Tanduk (Ind, Mal); Kluai Nga Chang (Tha) (141)


TYPE:
GENETICS:
HEIGHT:





TIPROT
See BALONGKAUE





TOMOC
Tumok (?)

DESCRIPTION:
[F]rom the Philipines. [M]ay be AKA 'Giant Cavendish' according to something Paul Fisher read. Mine should be ready to eat in a few weeks. (016) (dated 06/14/03) Excellent Philippine banana per a conversation 06/2004. (910)

TYPE:
GENETICS:
HEIGHT:
ORIGIN: Phillipines.
HIGHLIGHTS:

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TUMOK

DESCRIPTION:
Other varieties grown in the [Philippines] include the Morado, Pitogo, Los Banos, Senorita, Tindok, Gloria, Granda, and Tumok. (066)


TYPE:
GENETICS:
HEIGHT:





TUU GHIA
Tuugia?

DESCRIPTION:
An unusual plant in that it produces a full sized, thin fruit that has a slight "s" shape. A fast growing variety with a light green pseudostem and reproduces rhizomes rapidly. (001) (010) A Vietnamese variety of unusual appearance and outstanding flavor. [P]lant bears fairly large bunches of long, thin, exotically curving bananas with intense banana flavor. (007) Plant is lime green in color. The dessert type fruit is small and S-shaped. (032) Long, thin, curved fruit with intense flavor in large bunches. New variety from Vietnam has produced well on the coast. (052) From Viet Nam. This variety grows and produces fruit well. The fruit is sweet and good cooked also (063) This Vietnamese variety bears long, thin, unusually curved bananas. This vigorous and productive plant has outstanding and unique flavor reminiscent of "Starburst" fruit chew candies. (126) A Vietnamese variety with an outstanding flavor. Long yellow curly fruit. (096)

TYPE: DESSERT
GENETICS: AA (006)
HEIGHT: 10' (032) . 10-12' (001) (010), 14-16' (126), 15" (052)
ORIGIN: Viet Nam (052) (063) (096)
HIGHLIGHTS: Unique fruit shape.

(910) (910) (910) (910)



TY TY GOLD

DESCRIPTION:
[A] possible dwarf Cavendish type with yellow to gold coloration on the stem that is distinguishable. (063) Presumed to have originally been from TyTy Nursery?? (910)

TYPE:
GENETICS:
HEIGHT:
HIGHLIGHTS:

(910)



UDANG

DESCRIPTION:
{EDIT} The dessert types are emas, berangan, rastali, udang and a new clone named cavendish (novaria) whereas the hardy fruits used in cooking and food processing are abu nipah, abu kapur, buloh, tanduk, awak, masam and nangka. (142)

TYPE:
GENETICS:
HEIGHT:





UNKNOWN, DAVID JOHNSON
DESCRIPTION:


TYPE:
GENETICS:
HEIGHT:

(910) (910)



UNKNOWN, WALMART
DESCRIPTION:
Tag identification was "Musa banana". Leaf coloration is very suggestive of Red Iholena, but that seemed an unlikely banana to be at Walmart. (910)

TYPE:
GENETICS:
HEIGHT:

(910) (910) (910) (910)



VALERY
Taiwan, North Banana, Tall Mons Mari (024), Poyo (025)

DESCRIPTION:
[A] Cavendish variety that produces a full sized fruit with a creamy texture. A midsize plant good for backyard treats for the family. (001) (010) A Cavendish cultivar, semi-dwarf in stature, that produces very large bunches of delicious fruit. Widely planted as a commercial banana in the tropics it appears to be vigorous and a strong performer in Southern California. Shorter than Williams. (007) A preferred export variety in both tropical and subtropical countries. Like the Grande Naine, it has a very high-quality fruit and is resistant to stress. Productive, semi-hardy, it is also a bit taller and less stout requiring some support when in fruit. (009) In general, the Cavendish group is resistant to Panama disease, but is susceptible to Sigatoka. The characteristic that distinguishes the best known clones is the height of the pseudostem. The tallest clone is 'Lacatan' followed by 'Robusta' and 'Giant Cavendish,' 'Grand Nain,' and 'Dwarf Cavendish.' 'Valery,' a common type in Central America, is considered the same as 'Robusta' by some taxonomists. (028) Cavendish variety that has a very good flavor. Hardy grower (063) [A] commercially grown Cavendish variety that produces large heads of high quality fruit. [H]as proven both hardy and productive at ECHO [Educational Concerns for Haiti Organization]. Very similar to grocery store types. (056) Commercial banana in bunches of 50+ lbs. Sensitive to cold but hardier than most commercial varieties. (052) [A] triploid Cavendish clone, closely resembles 'Robusta' and some believe it may be the same. However, it is being grown as a successor to 'Robusta'. It is already more widely cultivated than 'Lacatan' for export. As compared with other clones in cooking trials, it has low ratings because cooking hardens the flesh and gives it a waxy texture. (076) A robust grower. This is one of the few Cavendish types we are trying. It is the main variety now being grown commercially in Central America. There are reports of it doing well in Southern California, it is stress resistant and it has been described as "semihardy. In Hawaii it is grown 1000' higher up than 'Williams,' an improved Cavendish type, implying greater cool growing tolerance. However in my yard in Santa Cruz it slowly went downhill in a warm, freeze-free year and eventually failed in a cooler than normal spring, while a nearby Cardaba was busy putting on growth. It may have done better in the Central Valley or certainly in Southern California, but consider this one very experimental. Leaves are conspicuously striped red when young. It needs support as fruit develops and the flavor of the fruit is very good. (079) Semi-dwarf producing large bunches of delicious fruit. (096)

TYPE: DESSERT
GENETICS: AAA (025) (028) (064) (079)
HEIGHT: 5' (910), 7-12' (009), 9-10' (079), 10' (001) (010), 12' (052)
HIGHLIGHTS:

(910) (910) (910) (150) (910) (910) (910) (910)



VARIGATED FRENCH PLANTAIN
Banane panachee

DESCRIPTION:

TYPE:
GENETICS:
HEIGHT:
HIGHLIGHTS:





VARIGATED LACATAN
Pisang masak hijau (009)

DESCRIPTION:

TYPE:
GENETICS: AAA (inf)
HEIGHT:
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VELUTINA

DESCRIPTION:
This small ornamental is a gorgeous thin leaved green plant that produces a small, hot pink, fuzzy banana that stands erect (australimusa). When it is mature it peals itself back exposing a white seeded fruit just ready for the plucking. Use care if eating, the seeds are like a buckshot and could easily chip a tooth. (001) (010) [F]rom north-east India belonging to the Musa section Rhodochlamys. It is a greenhouse or conservatory plant under UK conditions. The vegetative plant suckers freely and has glossy green leaves with a slight red flush underneath. Like many banana species it is somewhat variable in stature. Some plants may flower when the plant is less than [3 ft.] tall, others flower at [7 ft.] or more. The inflorescence is upright and has dark pink bracts subtending pale yellow flowers. The fruits are red-purple, the banana skin covered in tiny hairs giving them a velvety appearance. The fruits split open when ripe to reveal the white flesh; the fruit of very few banana species splits in this way. The fruit is not edible the flesh being insipid and full of small black seeds. (011) Green 3 ft. leaves with bronze underside. Upright pink bracts, orange flowers and velvety pink fruit. (030) Red color in the pseudostems and petioles shows off the pink inflorescence. Suited for Indoors. (038) An ornamental flowering banana with a pink flower. Very easy to grow. Excellent in containers or in the ground. (063) [O]ne of the prettiest of the ornamental bananas. It produces an erect showy pink blossom and bears a small head of bright pink fuzzy fruit. The bananas are only about 3 inches long. The pulp is rather sweet, however, it contains many hard seeds. The slender leafed petite plant produces within a year. (039) . Produces small (3") velvety ornamental bananas at a young age. (048)

TYPE: ORNAMENTAL, SEEDED
GENETICS:
HEIGHT: 3-4' (034), 3-5' (001) (010), 7' (039)
HIGHLIGHTS:

(005) (038) (038) (010) (036) (039) (046) (148) (148) (065) (065) (065) (065) (065)



VIENTE COHOL

DESCRIPTION:
A dessert variety originating in the Philippine area and having green pseudostem with some brown patches. The small plump fruit (3-4") are soft and sweet. (001) (010)

TYPE: DESSERT
GENETICS:
HEIGHT: 10' (001) (010)
HIGHLIGHTS:

(051) (051) (010) (051) (051)



VIOLACEA

DESCRIPTION:
Musa violacea is an invalid name but it has been recently applied by a banana seed collector in South America to ornamental plants with purplish inflorescence bracts. These plants are derived from Musa ornata but may result from hybridisation with other Musa species, probably Musa velutina. Although there are no Musa species native to the Americas Musa ornata has effectively become naturalised in Central and South America where a number of imported species and hybrids are also grown as cut flowers, mainly for the North American market. I have also heard anecdotally that the name Musa violacea has been applied to plants that turned out to be Ensete ventricosum. (011) An ornamental flowering banana with thin stems and violet to purple colored flower. (063)

TYPE: ORNAMENTAL
GENETICS:
HEIGHT:
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VIRUPAKSHI

DESCRIPTION:
Fusarium wilt is a serious problem on many banana cultivars, [including] Lady Finger (Australia), Prata (Brazil), Virupakshi (India) ... belong[ing] to the AAB 'Pome' subgroup. (130)

TYPE:
GENETICS:
HEIGHT:
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VITTATA
DESCRIPTION:(065)


TYPE:
GENETICS: AAB (065)
HEIGHT:





WALHA

DESCRIPTION:
[Has] a very stout pseudostem. This durable plant delivers small hands of petite fruit that are slightly crunchy. Semi-hardy. Will produce well in the shade. Indian Group (009)

TYPE:
GENETICS: AAB (009)
HEIGHT: 6-8' (009)
HIGHLIGHTS:





WEEPING JAMAICA
Pink Jamaica (009)

DESCRIPTION:
Mutation of Gros Michel. (009)

TYPE:
GENETICS:
HEIGHT:
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WHITE IHOLENA
White Iholene, Hawaiian White

DESCRIPTION:
The plant is light green and covered with waxy flakes of excess chitin that gives it a white appearance. There is only a slight hint of burgundy color beneath the leaf and definite line on only one margin of the bottom of each leaf. Heads of fruit are about 30 pounds consisting of eight to ten hands when well raised. The fruit has a large gradient between the larger fruit of the top hands and the smaller fruit of the bottom hands. This is a close relative of Musa '[Red] Iholene' and Musa 'Ha'a', which is the dwarf form of the 'Iholene' group. (010) The fastest growing banana from planting to harvest, (less than one year). The fruit has a distinctive pink flesh. The skin of the fruit turns yellow long before they are ready to harvest, and should be left on the bunch until they are soft. Average hardiness, requires propping. (009) Without the intense red coloration of the Red Iholena, this is still a striking plant with a predominant ivory hue in the trunk coloration. Stout, vigorous plant with pink fleshed bananas. (005) (007) The plant is light green and covered with waxy flakes of excess chitin that gives it a white appearance. There is only a slight hint of burgundy color beneath the leaf and definite line on only one margin of the bottom of each leaf. Heads of fruit are about 30 pounds consisting of eight to ten hands when well raised. The fruit has a large gradient between the larger fruit of the top hands and the smaller fruit of the bottom hands. (010) Fruit can be cooked when green or eaten ripe. It is a little cold sensitive. (038) [A] beautiful medium size plant that is light green in color with waxy flakes of excess chitin that give it a whitish look. Undersides of leaves are light maroon. The newly emerged bananas are light yellow. When the fruit matures it darkens to a light orange color with pulp the same color. The fruit can be eaten out of hand or cooked. The plant is more cold sensitive than most other bananas. (032) Striking plant with an ivory hue to the trunk and pink fleshed bananas (096) Similar to the red Iholena. Primarily a green plant with a pink hue coloration on the underside of the leaves (063) Dwarf White Iholena, var. Haa Haa: Fruit stalk begins about 6 ft. up. Fruit turns yellow long before ripe. Tends to fall over with fruit on it, so definitely needs bracing. (097) The others in the Hilahila sub group of Polynesian cooking bananas include the WHITE IHOLENA & HA'A. The Ha'a is the shortest of the group and produces fruit that are yellowish from the onset, making it difficult to determine when to harvest. (Do not use color as the only indicator to pick your fruit). The White is devoid of the burgundy coloration but produces a similar fruit. All are excellent for a multitude of uses. (Heights: Ha'a: 6-8 ft., White: 8-10 ft., Red: 10-12 ft.) (001) (004)

TYPE: DESSERT
GENETICS: AAA (Iholena group) (006), AAA (009)
HEIGHT: 8-10' (001), 8-15' (009), 13' (005), 14-16' (032) (038)
HIGHLIGHTS: The skin of the fruit turns yellow long before they are ready to harvest. Orange flesh.

(038) (022) (010) (005) (032)



WILD IHOLENA

DESCRIPTION:
This was sold to me as a White Iholena. When it fruited, it obviously was not that variety. So, to keep track of it I have given it this name. It may be a Dwarf Cavendish, but is very much different from my other Dwarf Cavendish. It has a nice stout, shorter trunk and had a good size bunch of full size bananas. They had good flavor and were very easy peeling. Juvenile leaves have some reddish-purple markings, but leaves on parent plant are all green. See picture of juvenile leaf below. (910)

TYPE: DESSERT
GENETICS:
HEIGHT: 7-8' (910)
HIGHLIGHTS: Very large bananas, easy peeling.

(910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910)



WILLIAMS
Williams Hybrid (028), Giant Cavendish (036), Mons Mari (058)

DESCRIPTION:
A Cavendish type that produces a full sized fruit with excellent flavor. An all 'round favorite. A popular variety for good reasons. (001) Is the main commercial variety in Australia and increasingly popular in South Africa. It is a taller heavier producing form of the Cavendish or Dwarf Chinese banana. The fruit is a little larger than that of a Dwarf Chinese and has a similar flavor. The plant needs more protection from the wind and the larger bunches require propping, but the plant withstands cool winter temperatures better than Dwarf Chinese and is not susceptible to cold weather fruiting disorders. (007)(047) A Cavendish type that produces a full sized fruit with a wonderful taste! This is a very desirable variety that produces grocery store type bananas. The stem has an appearance that it is touched with a dark brown coloring. The fruit is also much larger than the dwarf cavendish varieties. (010) This is a mutant of 'Giant Cavendish' and is a commercial fruiting banana cultivar. (011) Another with reported tolerance to cool subtropical areas. (028) [T]he same as the Giant Cavendish. [It is] wind resistant and is one of the main varieties in commerce, especially in Hawaii . They produce very large heads of high quality fruit that are sweet and delicious. When the fruit is cut from the plant, they look and taste like other Cavendish group bananas. Leaves are tall and broad. The fingers are 6-8 inches long with yellow skin and a tapered tip.Yield is about 9-12 hands per 60-90 pound bunch, depending on the location and culture techniques. 9-12 months from plant to harvest. (031) [O]ne of the main bananas of commerce. They produce very large heads of fruit that are sweet and delicious. They are wind resistant and cold hardy. (032) Commercial banana in bunches of 50+ lbs. Similar to Valery. (052) [W]ind resistant and cold hardy. The Cavendish fruit is large and sweet with large bunches weighing up to 150 lbs. (126) Delicious sweet fruit that can produce heads up to 150lb. A strong grower. (063) [A] giant mutation of the cultivar 'Dwarf Cavendish/Chinese'. [T]he fruit are similar to 'Gros Michel', and they are ready about 12 months from planting. Both 'Blufield' and 'Williams' are suceptible to the very damaging 'Panama disease' (Fusarium wilt). Fruits as well as any, but it's height makes it suceptible to wind damage, and it is one of the poorer performing cultivars in warm temperate areas. Not recommended. (058) Main commercial variety in Australia and very popular in South Africa. (096) Williams Hybrid is much shorter than Williams or Giant cavendish. (010) The Giant Cavendish fruits in about 18 months. The plant produces a very large bunch of bananas that can weigh over 60 lbs. The commercial sized sweet fruit reaches 7-8 inches. This fast growing plant prefers full sun and rich , moist fertile soil. This variety is very hardy and more resistant of fungal diseases than many other bananas. (039) Dwarf Cavendish bananas are essentially the same as 'Williams'. (058)

TYPE: DESSERT
GENETICS: AAA Cavendish Group (011) (028) (010)
HEIGHT: 6-8' (032) (126), 8-10' (011) (031) (032), 10-16' (010)
DISEASE: Panama susceptible.
HIGHLIGHTS:

(910) (910) (910) (038) (010) (105) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (032) (010)



WOMPA

DESCRIPTION:
AS Group (006)

TYPE:
GENETICS:
HEIGHT:
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YANGAMBI KM-5
KM-5

DESCRIPTION:
An excellent tasting small dessert banana from West Central Africa. It is very disease resistant and sturdy. (001) (010)

TYPE: DESSERT
GENETICS:
HEIGHT: 12' (001) (010)
DISEASE: Black sigatoka resistant. (126)
HIGHLIGHTS:

(051) (051) (010) (045)



YAWA DWARF

DESCRIPTION:

TYPE:
GENETICS: ABB (006)
HEIGHT:
HIGHLIGHTS:





ZAN MORENO
Extra Dwarf Cavendish

DESCRIPTION:
A dwarf Cavendish producing a sweet, creamy great tasting fruit. (001) (010) Very much like the Dwarf Chinese. Plant is slower growing, slower to flower, and has a smaller bunch than the Dwarf Chinese, but fruit quality is excellent. More of an oddity. Dwarf Chinese or Enano Gigante are better choices for containers indoors. (007) [O]ne of the smallest fruiting bananas. Productive and sturdy, it has good-quality fruit and is an excellent plant for a raised bed or large container. Average hardiness. (009) [One] of the Musa Dwarf Cavendish group of cultivars. [H]igh quality fruit, some disease and cold resistance. Colorful bracts and maroon stains on short broad foliage. (032) Delicious sweet fruit that can produce heads up to 150lb. A strong grower. (063)

TYPE: DESSERT
GENETICS:
HEIGHT: 4-6' (009) 5-6' (001) (007) (010), 6-8 (032)
HIGHLIGHTS:

(910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (910) (032)



ZEBRINA
Sumatrana, Blood, Rojo (001)

DESCRIPTION:
This ornamental maroon & green variegated leaf banana produces a very tiny dark maroon seeded fruit that is cute to look at but not edible. It adds a little color to all tropical landscape. Is especially nice around decks & pools. (001) This plant is mainly used as an ornamental. It sports lovely burgundy and green variegated leaves. The fruit is very small, deep red, and seeded. The red/green variegation adds a nice touch to a tropical landscape. It also adds a beautiful touch when potted and placed around pools, patios, etc. (010) This is an invalid cultivar name applied to a clone of a subspecies of Musa acuminata. The name "zebrina" is properly applied to a subspecies not a cultivar of Musa acuminata. Musa acuminata is an extremely variable species that has been sorted into a number of different subspecies based on their geographic occurrence and various technical differences. A characteristic of the leaves of Musa acuminata subspecies is the occurrence of purple-red markings on the upper surface and a purple-red blush on the underside. The intensity of colour varies greatly between different subspecies. The intensity of colour also varies, but to a smaller extent, between different seedlings of the same subspecies. The best coloured forms have been selectively propagated for ornamental use by vegetative propagation; these days micropropagation is often used. Sometimes the ornamental forms are given cultivar names like 'Zebrina', 'Sumatrana', 'Rojo' or 'Rubra' but these are not taxonomically valid. Because similar leaf colouration occurs in different subspecies of Musa acuminata it is rather difficult to tell from which subspecies the ornamental forms have actually been derived. Most probably the ornamental forms have been derived from Musa acuminata subsp. sumatrana and Musa acuminata subsp. zebrina. The best forms of the plant are spectacular foliage plants for greenhouse or conservatory. The fruit of this plant would only be produced under glass in the UK but is not considered to be edible. (011) This non edible variety displays a showy maroon and green variegated leaf and produces seeded fruit. A very colorful addition to any tropical-like landscape due to its compact 6-8' growth and vivid color. (031) (030) This is a plant grown for its attractive foliage only. The fruit is seeded and inedible. The slender plant is wind and cold resistant. It is well adapted to container growing and when grown this way will only reach 3-5 feet unless grown in a very large container. The stem is completely red. The leaves are narrow with green and red mottling on the top and solid maroon coloring on the bottom. (032) (040) Spectacular blue-green striped with red. Large, heavy clusters of yellow flowers with purple-red bracts. Can bear small, sweet bananas. Fast grower. (063) Beautiful red and green banana. Wine red coloring in the leaves. (030) The small growing Rojo is truely one of the most striking varieties. The top of the leaves are a rich dark green mottled with splashes of burgundy. The underside of the leaves are a silky burgundy. The plant clumps nicely. They are excellent for container growing and will add tropical flair to any garden. (039)

TYPE: ORNAMENTAL
GENETICS:
HEIGHT: 5' (010) . 5-7 (032) (040), 6-8' (001) (010) (030) (039) (048)
ORIGIN: Indonesia (010)
HIGHLIGHTS:

(005) (038) (022) (010) (010) (039) (908) (101) (101) (105) (032)



BANANA BIOLOGY, DISEASES, PROBLEMS, AND MISCELLANEOUS.

ROT

(910)

ROOTS

(910) (910)

STRUCTURE

(910)

PUPS

(910) (910) (910) (910) (910)

CHOKING

(910) (910) (910) (910) (910)

(910) (910) (910) (910) (910)





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